14 Haziran 2010 Pazartesi

Turkey and Islam

European Union, Turkey and Islam *
Meet with readers of this article was left behind when the October 3, Turkey on the path to full EU membership, more than likely will have a threshold. Of course they could agree on framework for negotiations by ... In any case, Turkey's EU adventure will begin the new course. The previous threshold of this process, the decision to start accession negotiations with Turkey, 17 December 2004 was exceeded. Text was not yet completed the period of the European Constitution. Turkey's cultural and religious structures for the debate today is on the agenda, issues such as recognition of Cyprus by Turkey's hearing was more than. Person who drafted the Constitution of the commission's president Valérie Giscard d'Estaing, will not instill the end of 2002 as a bridge between Turkey and Europe said. Cultural bridge ... Turkey was not a European Union accession to the EU project was to come to an end as well.
Samuel Huntington's 1993 on the ruling of the reputable consultant "clash of civilizations" thesis, which consists in the manifestation of this view, Europe's Christian Democrats and the delay did not find support among various liberal. Christianity and humanism, based on European values and Muslim Turkey has a cultural community, outside of the EU's historical cultural boundaries. Conservatives were disappointed in the end, though, this view was not reflected in the constitutional text. But the cultural-religious identities in Europe through Turkey, as the absolute other and their efforts to identify the cause of the continued debate.
European Union, Turkey and Islam, just as this debate about published before December 17 threshold. Dutch EU presidency that runs the government, the Dutch Government Science Policy Committee a report was submitted. Established, although the religious element involved in the Copenhagen criteria, although not before the member countries' concerns about Islam and Muslims after the September 11 increase is noted. These concerns, the Board, according to Turkey's Islamic identity of the EU in accordance with whether the suspect has led to the cultural and religious differences, to Turkey's membership to appeal to widely used has become. The main reason behind the preparation of the report, that these developments.
Installation, after this sort in detail the reasons, before the EU and religion, then the relationship between Turkey and the EU took up Islam. The Union's values and the EU member states, government, religion, politics and public life is the subject of the first part of the arrangements. Was first highlighted here today in Europe, religion and the state have their own autonomous areas and the protection of the state of religious freedom, the democratic constitutional state is seen as necessary. Then, in member states because of different applications that can be offered to Turkey was a European model could not be voiced. Turkey is the section with the Islamic, secular, democratic, constitutional government in Turkey is the official and de facto segregated interpretation. Turkey's stance on Europe's fundamental values and determines the progress, there is considered to be historical. Secular state in Turkey's historical development and political relations with Islam, Islam as state religion and religious freedom, democracy, constitutional government and examined the relationship between political Islam with violence. Results section, Turkey's EU membership, troubled relations between the West and the Muslim world divided over the possible reflections are watching an epilogue. A second section of the report are: "Fayhattını Face." Erik-Jan Zürcher, and the research conducted by Helen van der Linden, of the Islamic Turkey, Turkey's EU membership on the role of the "clash of civilizations" thesis is examined in the framework. Committee report gives direction to become even more so in this study already.
In the report, the rise of Islam in Turkey, as a case of political importance of religion in the previous period should be considered in the context of compelling reasons to marginalize the judiciary has been reached. Islamic identity of the upper class by the rejection of society, by most any time, not shared; Islam in everyday life are part of the country in a significant middle-class formation, such as socio-economic developments, this rise has supported. A kind of Islamic state by the army in 1982 after the radical left and religious currents as a precaution against institutionalized. In mosques and in schools compulsory with propaganda, of social conservatism and nationalism, a moderate Islam, with the mixing, this state religion, a secular state system into a well-established, and that religion, the importance of the public by the adoption has led to.
However, the Board of Turkey's Islamic identity in any way as an obstacle to EU membership could not be assessed concludes. Secular democratic state in Turkey, since the idea has taken root in society. Moreover, the development of the secular state in Turkey, contrary to Huntington's or other claims of cultural self in Western Europe will show parallels with the development of the secular state, and these developments have occurred roughly simultaneously. 2. In the process of democratization in the Islamic world after the War as a political actor in the wings, is a normal phenomenon. Religion in the political life of many other European countries is still an important place. However, in Turkey in the EU Council of Islamic issues, the impact of religion from state, rather than state control over religion is important in the context of the report says. Government intervention in Turkey's religion, as in other European countries that are more intense. In addition to the democratic process to protect the secular state system constitutional restrictions, the EU does not comply with its principles. Established, these observations at the same time the army's role as protector of the order is related to the stresses. This lifting of restrictions or the removal of the army from politics as a progressive, moderate Islam in Turkey will not cause a change in nature. Because the majority of Turkey is far from fundamentalism and religious intolerance and moderate political parties are inclined to.
In the report, Turkey's EU accession "an inevitable clash of civilizations" to alleviate the concerns have been expressed. But this is the main reason for Turkey's EU accession should be considered the warning, in a positive way, this is followed to determine.
European Union, Turkey and Islam, Turkey is very new or very dramatic readers, maybe does not offer an assessment. But Huntington's world, imaginary civilizations in conflict with each other and display them based on the boundaries separating the war that called for a "clash of civilizations" thesis reddiye proven as an extremely remarkable.

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